platoEveryone attempts to convince someone else of a point of view at times via argumentation.  Most do so badly.  We need for our children and ourselves to understand better means of critical thinking and logical argumentation.  At the link below, Brian Chilton offers a list and examples of 33 Logical Fallacies Everyone Should Know.  He writes,

Logic is a proper way of thinking. Norman Geisler writes that “Logic deals with the methods of valid thinking” (Geisler 1999, 427). Logical fallacies, then, are errors in the way one thinks or presents an argument. Logic and logical fallacies are important for everyone to know, but it is especially important for Christians to know since they are called to promote truth. Paul writes that the Christian should be in the practice of “laying aside falsehood, speak truth each one of you with his neighbor, for we are members of one another” (Ephesians 4:25, NASB). So, the Christian should know how to speak the truth and to avoid any fallacy of thinking. Unfortunately, many sites devoted to logic promote an atheist agenda. One might think that the atheist has a stranglehold on logic, but nothing further could be the case. Therefore, this article will provide 33 logical fallacies that every Christian, in fact every person, should know.

See the rest at:

In a similar vein, Natasha Crain, of Christian Mom Thoughts, offers a book recommendation in her blog, where she introduces the material in this way:

We can’t teach our kids how to answer every single claim against Christianity before they encounter it. But we can teach them how to think critically so they are intellectually prepared to appropriately evaluate the massive amounts of information that will come their way.

Read more here: How to Teach Your Kids Critical Thinking Skills: A Great Introductory Resource.